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ISSN : 1738-4125(Print)
ISSN : 2287-7509(Online)
Journal of Odor and Indoor Environment Vol.8 No.3 pp.157-169

일부 다중이용시설의 휘발성유기화합물류 및 폼알데하이드 노출로 인한 건강 위해성 평가 : 호텔, 헬스장, 고시원, 독서실, 비디오방을 중심으로

연세대학교 의과대학 환경공해연구소, 1)한국환경공단 환경보건처 환경보건정책팀
2)고려대학교 보건과학대학 환경보건학과, 3)연세대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실

Health risk assessment of VOCs and HCHO in the public facilities under uncontrolled Korean-IAQ regulation : focused on hotel, fitness center, gosiwon, reading-room and video-room

Young-Wook Lim*, Ho-Hyun Kim,Ji-Yeon Yang,Chang-Su Park1),Ju-Hee Park,Jong Ryeul Sohn2),Dong-Chun Shin3)
Institute for Environmental Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul , Korea
1)Department of Green Industry Promotion, Korea Environmental Corporation
2)Department of Environmental Health, College of Health Sciences, Korea University, Korea
3)Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea


This study was to assess the lifetime cancer and non-cancer risk on exposure to volatile organic compounds(VOCs) and formaldehyde of worker and user at public facilities in Korea. We measured the concentrationsof formaldehyde and VOCs in indoor air at 160 public buildings that 5 kinds of public facilities (30 hotel, 30fitness center, 25 gosiwon, 30 reading-room and 45 video-room) all over the country. There were estimatedthe human exposure dose and risks with averages of the using-time and frequency for facility users andoffice workers, respectively. Carcinogens (benzene and formaldehyde) were estimated the lifetime excesscancer risks (ECRs). Non-carcinogens (toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, and styrene) were estimated the hazardquotients (HQs). HQs of four non-carcinogens did not exceed 1.0 for all subjects in all facilities. Higher HQsof toluene were observed at the reading-room. The average ECRs of formaldehyde and benzene for facilityworker and user were 1×10-4~1×10-6 level in all facilities. The estimated ECRs for reading-room were thehighest and the fitness center and gosiwon were the next higher facilities. Because lifetime ECRs ofcarcinogens exceeded 1×10-4 for facility worker in the most facilities, risk management of formaldehyde andbenzene in the facilities was necessary. IAQ guidelines should be determined strictly to prevent occurrenceof disease caused by poor IAQ beforehand.