Journal Search Engine
Download PDF Export Citation Korean Bibliography PMC Previewer
ISSN : 1598-6616(Print)
ISSN : 2287-6731(Online)
Journal of Korean Society of Odor Research and Engineering Vol.6 No.2 pp.87-95

헤드스페이스-GC/FID를 이용한 대기 중 휘발성 지방산 분석법 개발


Volatile fatty acids (VFAs) are malodor compounds which are produced from the decomposition of animal or plant species. It is very difficult to detect VFAs due to their strong adsorptive properties. In this study we develop an analytical method using headspace-GC/FID with an alkali-impregnated filter sampling. The addition of NaCl and H₂S0₄ makes the salt-out and pH-lowering effect, respectively. The high boiling points (141~185℃) and vapor pressures require a high temperature and long heating time for the standard sample in vials to reach an equilibrium. The analytical response was highest when the absolute quantity in the sample was 5 mL in a 22 mL vial. The addition of NaCl for the salt-out effect can give a higher sensitiviry by a factor of 1.1~4.2 than that of Na₂SO₄. The mass amount of 4.6 g of NaCl can result in a higher sensitivity, which is higher than the supersaturated solubility of 4.2 g. The concentration of H₂SO₄ is as low as 2% (v/v). When the concentration range is 8.3 -562.1 ppb, a coefficient of R²~0.99 can be obtained for the five VFAs samples. The analytical errors in a reproducibility test are less than 10% and the detection limit is estimated to be 0.05~0.1 ppb. Our headspace-GC/FID analytical method can be utilized to effectively detect the five kinds of VFAs which shall be restricted in Republic of Korea from the year of 2010.

헤드스페이스-GC/FID를 이용한 대기 중 휘발성 지방산 분석법 개발