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ISSN : 1738-4125(Print)
ISSN : 2287-7509(Online)
Journal of Odor and Indoor Environment Vol.3 No.3 pp.211-223

신축공동주택 휘발성유기화합물(VOCs)로 인한 건강위해성평가

임영욱, 양지연, 김호현, 이윤규1), 김윤신2), 장성기3), 손종렬4), 노영만2), 신동천*
연세대학교 환경공해연구소, 1)한국건설기술연구원 건축연구부
2)한양대학교 환경 및 산업의학연구소, 3)국립환경과학원 실내환경과, 4)고려대학교 보건과학대학

Health risk assessment in terms of VOCs at newly-built apartment house

Dong-Chun Shin*, Young Wook Lim, Ji Yeon Yang, Ho Hyun Kim, Yun Gyu Lee1), Yoon Shin Kim2), Seong Ki Jang3), Jong Ryeul Sohn4), Young-Man Roh2)
The Institute for Environmental Research, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
1)Korea Institute of construction technology, Building Research Department
2)Institute of Enviornmental and Industrial Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea
3)Korea National Institute of Environmental Research, Indoor environmental Division,
4)Dept. of Environmetal Health, College of Health Sciences, Korea University
Received 7 July 2005, accepted 8 September 2006


For indoor air quality at a newly built apartment before move-in, we monitored formaldehyde and VOCsand assessed human exposure and probabilistic health risk. We selected 801 newly built apartments all overthe country. The results of the research on the condition show the mean concentrations of formaldehyde 294㎍/㎥, 210(median) 1497㎍/㎥(maximum), benzene 6㎍/㎥, (4 and 92㎍/㎥), toluene 1003㎍/㎥(773 and 5013㎍/㎥), ethylbenzene 120㎍/㎥, (62 and 1192㎍/㎥), xylene 287㎍/㎥(138 and 2723㎍/㎥) and styrene 64㎍/㎥,(42 and 531㎍/㎥). Formaldehyde from carcinogen and toluene and xylene from non-carcinogen wereassessed the risk for human health. The excess cancer risk of formaldehyde for human beings betweencarcinogens is per 1.36 of average 1000 persons. This implies that it is over a level per 1.00 of 1000persons demanding active risk reduction. Hence, we strongly need the active reduction plan and accuratesource assumption. Among a variety of factors affecting indoor air quality for householders, closingconstruction or density of indoor air processing additional interior construction and indoor area, indoor airquality with a variety of districts show significant. The excess cancer risk for human beings of formaldehydebetween carcinogens is per 1.36 of average 1000 persons. Non-carcinogen toxicity rate for human-beingswith toluene and xylene among non-carcinogens is over HQ 1 from Seoul to local area.